Causes of Corruption in Society & Eliminating the Source
The word "corruption" is defined as the "abuse of public power for private benefit" by the World Bank. A more neutral definition is that corruption is the intentional noncompliance with arm’s length relationship aimed at deriving some advantage financial or otherwise from this behavior. According to the definition of the World Bank it can be presupposed that corruption does not occur in the private sector. This is not the case. Corruption clearly exists in large private corporations in almost all departments from HR to even the accounts department.
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Corruption is not just limited to the workplace. Just like in Resident Evil 6 Leon jacket wearing character has government officials fake his own death for good reasons and goes to China. Corruption involves the act of bribing high officials. The high ranking officials who comply with such requests can be considered to be some of the most corrupt individuals. An employee who calls in sick at the office and instead goes on vacation is exploiting his position for personal gains. The president of a country has an international airport built in his own hometown. In both cases no bribe has been offered or received but corruption has taken place. Before looking at what are the causes of corruption, let us investigate the different types of corruption.
Recognizing Different Kinds of Corruption
There are various different forms of corruption which are commonly present in society across the world. Some corruption is executed by high officials wearing PremiumJackets with access to restricted areas, while other types of corruption are carried out by the ordinary man. Let’s look at the source and various forms of corruption.
- Favoritism: The members of the party in power support only their own candidates of public office.
- Extortion: The act of threatening to harm or impair directly or indirectly to cause bodily injury or property damage of the opposing group to influence their actions.
- Collusion: A private agreement or understanding between two different or opposing groups to achieve a single goal for the vested interest of both groups, with both groups using their influence to achieve the common goal.
- Fraud: Intentionally deceiving or misrepresenting data to gain an illegal or an unfair advantage.
- Encouragement Payment: Payment of a small "charge" or "cost" to speed up or facilitate the performance of a routine procedure for the benefit of the payer.
- Embezzlement: To steal, misappropriate or misdirect assets or funds placed in one’s trust or supervision.
- Bribery: Dishonestly persuading high officials to act in accordance to their demands by offering gifts, loans, fees, rewards or other fringe benefits. Bribes can help to achieve collusion, the agreement to not report a crime, between individuals.
There can be instances where more than one type of corruption takes place in the same occurrence. For example, bribery may be performed to help achieve fraud or collusion by high officials.
Understanding the Consequences of Corruption
Once corruption manifests itself in society, there are several changes which take place in the community. The rule of law will be enforced strictly only on the underprivileged and poverty-stricken members of the society. Living in some of the most corrupt countries in the world it will become harder and harder to earn a handsome living. Just like the villagers took the Resident Evil 4 Leon jacket from him and the rest of the game continues with the character not wearing the jacket. Society will develop in one of the two ways. Either they will become used to all of this corruption and exploitation and try to find even more corrupt and fraudulent ways to achieve their objectives. There will come a time when the most influential people in the society will get together and try to find a way to overcome all of this dishonesty and start a revolution. The second contingency when the society will actually get together to act against the corrupt rarely occurs. In most cases the society will continue to find ways to outdo and surpass each other in unethical and unscrupulous methods of competition and corruption.